Want to save on taxes? Matt and I discuss 8 different strategies that can help you keep more money in your pocket. We cover the first 3 tips in this first podcast, followed by 5 more in the next podcast.
- Use Index funds over actively managed funds. This is generally great advice, but also better at saving on taxes due to less turnover of holdings.
- Use ETFs instead of mutual funds. ETFs are a unique “wrapper” that avoids you from paying taxes on interest and dividends.
- Hold the right asset in the right account. Tax-deferred and Tax-free accounts (401k, IRA, etc) are great for bond funds because you avoid paying taxes on the interest and dividends each year.
- Tax-loss Harvesting. Make lemonade out of lemons by intentionally taking a loss and deducting it from your taxes or offset other gains and pay no tax.
- Tax-Lot Management. It’s important to sell the correct shares so that you take advantage of short-term or long-term gains/losses in your account.
- Savvy Rebalance. Use additional funds or tax-deferred/free accounts to do your rebalancing and avoid paying capital gains.
- Long-term Investing Horizons. Long-term capital gains are taxed at a lower rate than short-term. Invest for the long run!
- Charitable Giving. Donating appreciated assets helps you avoid paying taxes on capital gains.
Enjoy the show.[:
If you want to read about the kinds of topics that we also cover on this show and okay. Here's what's going on for radio listeners. You may have been listening to us last week when we did part one of a two-part episode about tips, tricks, ideas, saving on your taxes. And now for podcast listeners, you've just hit next episode, because we're going to continue that conversation.
It's right up in your podcast feed and Mike Morton. Welcome back to continue our country.[:[:
So what were the.[:
They're great product get the exact same thing, but better tax efficiency within the.
ETF. And the final point was the location of where you hold, which types of assets, bonds, stocks, those sorts of things in your tax. Tax deferred or tax free accounts. It matters you can save, there was a recent Vanguard study that said you could save almost up to 1% per year on a taxes, the tax strategy, or have the boost of your returns by almost 1% per year on where you hold, which types of assets.
So go back and check out that episode.
In those three.[:
I'm impressed that just that location. amount to a 1%,. It doesn't sound like a lot, when you look at your whole tax picture, that could be quite a lot.[:
What are, we'll find one of these strategies. That's oh my gosh, we're going to save $10,000. Just by doing that this year. Just to listen in
and see if any of these might apply, cause it could be bigger than you think[:
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a fantastic again, almost 25% this year. W[:[:[:is is going to be relevant in:[:
So just knowing it, making some lemonade out of lemons, when you're parts of your portfolio down individual stocks or mutual funds or ETFs or whatever it is, has lost value, you put in $10,000. Now it's worth $8,000. Okay. So it's gone down. If you sell that, you take a $2,000 loss and you can deduct some of that from your tax.
Or offset other gains. Okay. So that's why it's a really, can be a really good strategy. And in fact, three it's really good strategy because if you have short-term capital losses, you just invested something three months ago, it's gone down in value. Okay. So you lost $2,000. You can sell that, be careful the wash sale rules, but sell that and take a, $2,000 loss and you can deduct that off your.
Okay. Up to $3,000 per year, straight off your income. Now you can also offset other gains, but it's something to really be aware of
because, um, you could save a lot in taxes depending on your
I wonder if I could go searching and apply them to my gains this year.[:
Oh my gosh. It went back up, offset some gains with the losses. But if you carry that forward, absolutely. Take a look
return and see what you carried forward and you can offset gains. In other
And so it sounds like there's a lot of kind of mixing and matching and pairing. You just need to be, what was the term you used before tax aware? You need to. Uh, Keep an eye out and maybe this is what a good tax preparer will help you do, or a good financial advisor will help you do, there's opportunity.
It sounds like on both sides. If if you're in a high bracket. Great. If you're in a low bracket, well, there's opportunity in that too. If you've had gains, if you've had losses , there's ways to put those things together and improve your financial sector.[:
We'll probably get to there's just a number of things that you can tweak and do to save a few thousand bucks here and there. It's unbelievable. It's also, it can be complicated. So we'll try to give you the high level stuff and see what
to you. And, you You can do
more research or reach out to professional.[:
It kind of reminds me of one of my favorite movies, the distinguished gentlemen, have you ever seen the distinguished gentlemen, the Eddie Murphy?[:[:
just say, if you want to actually know, like for people who thought that the west wing, the TV show, the west wing was some kind of a documentary.
Let me assure you. It is not, that is not.[:[:
talking to Aaron Sorkin world. That's not how people really talks to each other like that. That's not how things work in Washington, but, but as insane as this sounds, the distinguished gentlemen is the best look at how.
Actually work and operate in Congress that has ever been put on film. I promise you, I worked in Congress for a decade and there's this great scene where the Congressman goes to a lobbyist and he says, what's your position on such and such? And he's like, I don't know what should my passivity, cause it doesn't matter.
There's opportunity both ways. If you're for farm subsidies, I have money for you from the farmers lobby. If you're against them, I have money for you from the Baker's Alliance. The point is. You're saying there's opportunities, both ways. You just need to be very aware and look for them.[:
definitely look into do a
Google search on tax gain harvesting[:
So, But you might've still been invested in the market. You might had a lot of tax gains. And if you realize those gains. Ask your financial planner. See if tax gain harvesting might be right for you. Okay. Let's move on.[:
It means when when you're going, the tax loss harvesting. Great. I got some losses. I'm gonna go ahead and say.Oh yeah. I bought it back in:
Okay maybe you just bought it last month and now not predicting this map. Let's say the market goes down, but before the end of the year, so you want to take advantage, say, oh, I heard about this tax loss harvest name. Let me sell some of that while you've bought three different lot. You own 300 shares because you bought them in three, $100, 100 share lots, the most recent ones, the one you want.
Because you just bought it. It's a short-term loss. So you want to sell that most recent one to get your short term loss. Okay. So it matters which lot, which shares specifically, you're going to sell right now. You might want to take the long-term capital gain. And the flip side is oh, I'll take the longterm capital gain when I sell, because that's tax at a lower rate than the short-term capital gain.
Or you might want to take the short-term capital loss. Instead of the long-term capital loss. Okay. But which ones specifically, you share that you've got to go in and decide that. So when you go to, fidelity or Schwab or TD and you click sell, you have to pick which ones to sell. And it's really important.
You pick the right ones. So you get the right either gain or
I think I get it. I think again, you you might have choices in what you sell and again, it sounds like it depends, right? It's like you could take a gain, you could take a loss. It just depends on what your basis is.[:
make sure you sell the
one that you want.[:[:[:[:
You could sell longterm capital gains, make sure you pick the right ones and sells some of those S and P 500 index fund and buy some bonds or just have some cash, but then you'll take a long, you'll take that capital gains hit. Maybe you could do other ways of rebalancing to be tax efficient, use new money.
Okay. So in your 401k, you're adding a thousand dollars a month. If you've set it to auto by that target date. That's heavy and style. And maybe, you're a little bit overweight in stocks. We'll change that and say no, just buy the bond fund. So use new money to rebalance. Don't sell anything now in your 401k, won't matter because it's all tax deferred so you can buy and sell stuff to rebalance.
Okay. So you want to do any rebalancing there, but in your taxable account, don't just rebalance and sell stuff willing to. You're going to have to pay a lot of taxes. So be careful with how you rebalance use tax free tax deferred accounts to rebalance use new money to rebalance use interest in dividends to rebalance.
So take a look at the entire portfolio and make sure you're
not incurring a
lot of taxes to do your rebar.[:
Profile that you're looking for. And, you know, especially if you're in a target date fund, what the risk profile is that's appropriate to where you are versus that target date. So this should be relatively easy to do, although you've introduced in some previous shows some wrinkles to that. Maybe you want to be a little heavier or a little lighter depending on your investment strategy.[:
And so there's no one picture, the 401k is at fidelity, the broker just over at Schwab. It is good and there's software out there that'll help you pull it into one pie chart, but you do want to look at that. It's really important.[:[:
Every time you do that, you're taking a hit and especially the. short-term capital gains versus long-term capital gains. So your short term is going to be taxed at your initial. Rate tax rate. Okay. So 24% bracket, maybe a 32% bracket, whatever gains you have are going to be taxed at that rate long-term capital gains or tax currently at 15, maybe 20%.
So obviously less than your income tax rates. So if you do sell things that have gained, make sure you pick that longterm capital gain or just let them ride and rebalance and
deferred accounts. Tax-free.[:
If you're a P a part where you're being to think about what your estate might be. I mean, That, and avoiding those capital gains, you know, there, that is actually part of the strategy.[:
Taxes on that. So instead, eh, why don't we just hold onto that house And pass it down
all tax-free step using the step up
Yep. Yeah. act like the
billionaires and just borrow money. They'll[:
good book name one.[:[:[:
Connecticut, I believe and seemed
like a really nice[:[:a share. Now it's:
Whereas you could just give the stock. Donated to a charity And they still get the $2,000, but you do not have to pay any capital gains. So you actually
save, you know, 15, 20% right[:[:
don't take the capital gains hit on that. So that's always a
good one to[:
Some of them aren't and many of them can be combined And put together. And so you really do need to kind of scan down the menu. And there are things that we haven't even hit here. Um, but there there's a lot of options.[:
So I can come, I can tell you a strategy that you can take advantage of that. So we can hit on that in a future podcast, but in general, around charitable giving, you want to take the advantage as much as you can for your
own tax situation.[: